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2020年江西成人高考高升專英語語法誤區(3)

發表時間:2020-04-09 11:21作者:江西高升專網址:http://www.www.cqwnw.com

英語語法誤用:虛擬語氣

  1、中文:我要是你,我不會那么做。

  (誤)I shouldn"t do that if I was you.

  (正)I shouldn"t do that if I were you.(表示與現在事實相反的虛擬語氣不能用was,只能用were.)

  2、中文:要是我父親現在在這里,他會告訴我該做什么。

  (誤)If my father were here now,he will tell me what to do.

  (正)If my father were here now,he would tell me what to do.(表示與現在事實相反的虛擬語氣中,主句的助動詞只能用would,might等過去時。)[環球網校成人高考頻道整理虛擬語氣誤用]

  3、中文:要是我知道她的電話號碼,我就會給她打電話了。

  (誤)If I knew her telephone number,I would have called her.

  (正)If I had known her telephone number,I would have called her.(表示與過去事實相反的虛擬語氣中,條件從句的動詞要用過去完成時。)

  4、中文:要是昨天沒下雨她也許會來。

  (誤)If it had not rained yesterday,he might come.

  (正)If it had not rained yesterday,he might have come.(表示與過去事實相反的虛擬語氣中,主句的動詞要用助動詞的過去時might,could等+HAVE+過去分詞。)

  5、中文:我不認為我會失敗,但要是我失敗了,我會再努力。

  (誤)I don"t think that I shall fail. But if I failed,I would try again.

  (正)I don"t think that I shall fail. But if I should fail,I would try again.(表示與將來事實相反的虛擬語氣中,條件從句的動詞用should加原形動詞。)


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